Difference Between MBBS and MD in Malaysia

Difference Between MBBS and MD in Malaysia

Difference between MBBS and MD (MBBS vs MD) Explained

Medical education is the most sought out degree across the world for science students. Every county offers Medical education promoting future doctors to support their nation and the global healthcare system. Across the world, Medical education degrees are awarded in Undergraduate, Postgraduate and Doctoral levels. Nonetheless, a medical degree popularly known to be MBBS, in a few countries offers the same under different names. Let’s have comprehensive research on various Medical degrees awarded across the globe, which are equivalent to MBBS. 

MBBS— Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery also described as BMBS sometimes, derived from Latin: Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. MBBS in Malaysia is an undergraduate-level program.
MD— Doctor of Medicine, offered at different levels the reason for the confusion in medical student’s minds. Few countries MD is a post-graduation specialization degree, and in few, it is offered at the doctorate level. However, in US-based curriculum, MD offered at the undergraduate level is equivalent to an MBBS degree. 
MD in Malaysia— Most of the Universities of Malaysia offer either MBBS or MD programs at undergraduate level. The students graduated from this program, called as general physicians subject to the medical registration of the countries they practice. This entirely is an undergraduate level course offered by various institutes of Malaysia not Post-graduate level program offered in India or some other countries. 

Universiti Malaya (UM) is an exemption, as it is the only university of Malaysia offering MD at Doctorate level instead of undergraduate. 

MBBS vs MD in Malaysia

To understand the difference and commonness of MBBS and MD in Malaysian universities, we need to verify the eligibility, course curriculum, and other relevant information involved like:

Criteria MBBS MD
Level Undergraduate Undergraduate
Duration 5 years 4 / 5 years
Internships 1 year mandatory 1 year mandatory
Eligibility 10+2 qualification 10+4 / 10+2 qualification
Subjects in Higher secondary Biology, chemistry, Physics / Mathematics, English
  • Biology,
  • chemistry,
  • Physics / Mathematics,
  • English
Age 17 plus years 17 plus years

Year I

  • Cellular response
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Early Clinical Attachment
  • Basic mechanism of disease
  • Hematology system
  • Medical science
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Basic mechanism of disease
  • Hematology system
  • Alimentary & Genitourinary

Year 2

  • Epidemiology & Biostatistics
  • Nervous system
  • Gastro-Intestinal system & Nutrition
  • Reproductive system
  • Musculoskeletal system
  • Endocrine & Metabolism
  • Health care Delivery scinece

Year 3

  • Medical posting
  • Primary care Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Dermatology
  • Obstetrics
  • Gynecology
  • Community Health

Year 4

  • Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Acute Medicine and Trauma
  • Pediatrics
  • Primary care
  • Orthopedics
  • Psychiatry
  • Anesthesia
  • Emergency medicine
  • Critical and palliative care
  • Ophthalmology and
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Forensic Medicine

Year 5

  • Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Family Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • General Surgery II
  • Special study course
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology
  • pediatrics

Year I Semester 1

  • Cellular Biomolecules
  • Tissues of Body
  • Membranes & Receptor
  • Metabolism
  • Personal & Professional Advancement

Semester 2

  • Human Genetics
  • Infection & Immunity
  • Mechanisms of Diseases
  • Musculoskeletal System
  • Clinical Science 1
  • Medicine & Society I
  • Personal & Professional Advancement

Year 2 Sem 1

  • Blood & Lymph
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Respiratory system
  • Urinary system
  • Clinical science
  • Medicine & Society II
  • Personal & Professional Advancement

Semester 2

  • Gastrointestinal & Hepatobiliary system
  • Endocrine system
  • Neuro sciences
  • Reproductive system
  • Clinical science
  • Personal & professional Advancement II


Year 3

  • Internal Medicine I
  • Surgery I
  • Family Medicine I
  • Medicine & Society III
  • Personal & Professional Advancement III
  • Radiology I
  • Elective Posting

Year 4

  • Psychiatry
  • Pediatrics I
  • Obstetric & Gynecology I
  • Orthopedics
  • Ophthalmology
  • Anesthesiology
  • Personal and Professional Advancement IV
  • Special Study Module I
  • Special Study Module II
  • Forensic Pathology I
  • Forensic Pathology II
  • Radiology II

Year 5

  • Family Medicine II
  • Surgery II
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Pediatrics II
  • Internal Medicine II
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology II
  • Personal & Professional Advancement V
  • Special Study Module III
Medical license exam Mandatory to get the license Mandatory to get the license
License registration General Physician General Physician

A list of Malaysian Universities that offer Undergraduate Medical Degrees

Medical School Degree Type City
University of Malaysia MBBS Public Kuala Lumpur
International Islamic University Malaysia MBBS Public Kuantan
Manipal University MBBS Private Kuantan
International Medical University MBBS Private Bukit Jalil
Universiti Kuala Lumpur MBBS Private Ipoh
AIMST University MBBS Private Bedong
Universiti Teknology MARA MBBS Public Sungai Buloh
University of Cyberjaya MBBS Private Cyberjaya
Universiti Sains Islam MBBS Public Pandan Indah
Management & Science University MBBS Private Shah Alam
University Sultan Zainal Abidin Faculty of Medicine MBBS Public Kuala Terengganu
MAHSA University MBBS Private Cheras
Newcastle University MBBS Private Iskandar
Universiti Tunku Abdl Rahman MBBS Private Sungai Long
SEGi University MBBS Private Kota Damansara
Taylor’s University MBBS Private Subang jaya
Asia Metropolitan University MBBS Private Johor Bahru
Widad University MBBS Private Kuantan
Quest International University Perak MBBS Private Ipoh
Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Sultan Abdul Halim Mua’dzam shah Kulliyyah of Medicine and Health Sciences MBBS Private Kuala Ketil
Lincoln University MD Private Petaling Jaya
Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine MD Private Damansara Heights
National Defence University of Malaysia MD Public Sungai Besi
UCSI University MD Private Marang
Monash University MD Private Bandar Sunway
Allianze University College of Medical Sciences MD Private Kepala Batas
Sabah Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences MD Public Kota Kinabalu
Universiti Malaysia Sabah MD Public Kota Kinabalu
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak MD Public Kuching
Universiti Putra Malaysia MD Public Serdang
University Sains Malaysia MD Public Kubang Kerian
National University of Medicine MD Public Cheras

MBBS vs MD in India

In India, MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) is the basic undergraduate medical degree required to become a licensed medical practitioner. It is a 5.5-year program that includes 4.5 years of classroom and clinical training, followed by a one-year internship in a hospital. The MBBS curriculum covers basic medical science subjects such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, and community medicine, as well as clinical subjects such as medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, and ophthalmology.

MD (Doctor of Medicine) is a postgraduate degree in medicine that can be pursued after completing an MBBS degree. It is a three-year program that offers advanced training in a specific area of medicine, such as internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, dermatology, psychiatry, or radiology. The MD program is more research-oriented and includes a research component, such as a thesis or dissertation. In addition to MD, there are other postgraduate medical degrees in India, such as MS (Master of Surgery), DM (Doctorate of Medicine), and MCh (Master of Chirurgiae).

In India, MBBS is the minimum qualification required to practice as a medical doctor, while MD is a higher qualification that provides specialized training and knowledge in a specific area of medicine. Both degrees are highly respected and can lead to rewarding careers in healthcare. After completing their degrees, medical graduates can work in hospitals, clinics, private practices, research organizations, and other healthcare settings.
Although the road of becoming a doctor is lengthy and difficult, there are always people who want to take it. It is selfless that puts others before oneself, yet it is also one of the most personally rewarding paths to take. 

Team Education Malaysia
Team Education Malaysia
Content Curator | Updated on - Nov 30, 2023 Read Full Bio

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